Chhat puja is an antiquated Hindu celebration that keeps going for four days, which begins with Kartik Shukla Chaturthi and finishes with Kartik Shukla Saptami. The celebration is devoted to reverence Lord Surya. "Chhathi Maiya" is the Goddess of celebration and a mother Goddess who gives strength and backing to poor people. A special type of offering (Argya) is offered to the sun in the evening on the very first day and in the morning on the second day of chhat puja. This custom is performed for four days. Which include holy bathing, drinking water, fasting and standing in water for extensive stretch and offering prasad and argya to the rising sun.
Albeit the celebration is also seen in many places like the Madhesh area of Nepal and East Indian conditions of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand. This celebration is praised in regions including but not completely the upper east area of India Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Mumbai, etc. There are different parts to which is Caribbean, United States, Jamaica, United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Macau, Japan and Indonesia.
5 Amazing realities, Origin and customs.
1. motivation to observe Chhat puja.
The Chhat Puja is a celebration that is devoted to the sun and Chhat Maiya ( Goddess mother Shashti or Usha). It is believed that the Sun is the excellent wellspring of energy that help all lives on the earth, the enthusiast offers their appreciation to the God of Sun Surya alongside the Goddess Usha which is known as the first ray of the morning and Pratusha which is known as last beams of the evening.
2. Nahaya Khay / Arwa Arwain (First Day Of Chhat Puja)
On the first day of Chhat puja, the devotee takes bath from holy water Ganga and
purifies the surrounding houses with Ganga Jal (water). They take only a one-time meal that is 'Kaddu-bhat' on the first day of puja.
3. Lohanda and Kharna ( Second day of Chhat puja)
On the second day, the devotees hold fast for the whole day and break their fast after worshipping of Sun God in the evening with Rasio-Kheer, puris and fruits. After breaking the fast they go for again 36 hours of fasting without water.
4. Sanjhiya Argya (Third Day of Chhat Puja)
The devotee offer Santhay Argya at the Riverside, then after they wore turmeric colour saree. On the night of the third day, they celebrate the spirited event of filling Kos which is also known as kosia Bharai, by lightning the mod Diya's under-five sugarcanes sticks with 'bhajans' of Chhati Maiya. The portrayal of sugarcane sticks implies Panchatattva which is called earth, air, water, fire and space.
5. Fourth Day of Chhat Puja
The fourth day is the last day of Chhat pooja in which the devotee and their family, companions offers Bihhaniya Argya (Early Morning Offering) to the sun God, at the riverside. In the wake of Offering Argya, the devotee ends their fast with Chhat puja prasad.